Buddhist Stupa At Adi Badri


Location : Near Vill. Kathgarh, District Yamuna Nagar.
Situation : Confluence of Saraswati- Somb river on foothills of Shiwalik ranges
Under Protection of : Archaeological Survey of India
Period : 3rd to 12th Century A.D.

Historical Description : It is, indeed, interesting to find out that just above the burial structure, there is an evidence of a mud stupa having relics comprising of a set of 13 teeth besides few fragments of bones. These were placed at a place made of a few small flat stones arranged in container shape. The exact shape and size of the mud stupa could not be ascertained, as it as covered from all sides by the superimposed casing of brick stupa. The other findings of this phase include a few bone fragments, cowries and shells, beside bowls of knife edged rim of dull Red Ware. This phase has been dated to 3rd -4th century A.D.

The Buddhist activities began at the site from (3rd-4th century A.D) onwards. The core of the early mud stupa was covered and enlarged later by a brick stupa. The diameter of this stupa is 22 meters (radius 11m) and about 22 courses of bricks have been traced out. The size of the bricks is 30 x 20 x 6 cm. The courses of bricks have been excavated in all the four sections of the central chamber. Below the bricks structure a base or foundation made of 6 alternate layers of pebbles and clay packing measuring 75cm. has been uncovered. The central chamber of the brick stupa measures 3x3m. It is 2.50 m deep. Three spokes radiate from this central chamber towards North West and one radiates towards south east. These spokes are made of brickbats and pebbles. These are presently in a disturbed condition due to regular agricultural activities and large scale stone and brick robbing by the villagers. These bricks can still be seen in some of the nearby houses. However, on the basis of the distance between two spokes it can be presumed that originally there were twenty four spokes.

The Red Ware pottery belongs to the Gupta period and includes shapes such as bowls, vases, basins, small globular pots etc. A broken lower part of a terracotta human figure, a terracotta molded bull figure, four cowries shells, sixteen quartzite beads of round shape and one of teardrop shape are other noteworthy antiquities recovered from the site.

Present Situation
i) The ancient site of stupa has been acquired but does not have any complete fencing for security of the historical monument.
ii) No security system is available on the site. Generally the animals shit are found around this site.
iii) Bushes and unwanted huge grass are growing casually around the site, which have covered the stupa also.

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